ACMS Colloquium: Uncertainty Quantification of Complex Stochastic Systems and Multiscale Modeling of Blood Flows

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Location: 127 Hayes-Healy Center

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Guang Lin, Computational Mathematics Scientist at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, will give a colloquium titled, "Uncertainty Quantification of Complex Stochastic Systems and Multiscale Modeling of Blood Flows."

Experience suggests that uncertainties often play an important role in quantifying the performance of complex systems. Therefore, uncertainty needs to be treated as a core element in modeling, simulation and
optimization of complex systems. In this talk, a new formulation for quantifying uncertainty will be discussed. An integrated simulation framework will be presented that quantifies both numerical and modeling  errors in an effort to establish “error bars” in CFD. In particular, stochastic formulations based  on Galerkin and collacation versions of the generalized Polynomial Chaos (gPC) will be discussed.

Additionally, we will present some effective new ways of  dealing  with  this   “curse-­‐of–dimensionality”.   Particularly,  adaptive  ANOVA  decomposition,  and  some stochastic  sensitivity analysis techniques will be discussed in some detail. Several specific examples on flow  and transport in randomly heterogeneous porous media, random roughness problem, uncertainty quantification in carbon sequestration and parameter estimation in climate models will be presented to illustrate the main idea of our approach.

A meso-­‐scale particle-­‐based numerical method, Dissipative Particle Dynamics (DPD) is employed to model the non-­‐Newton flow with polymer-­‐chains, platelets in blood flow, and red blood cell (RBC) deformation. RBC’s have highly deformable viscoelastic membranes exhibiting complex  rheological response and rich hydrodynamic behavior governed by special elastic and bending  properties and by the external/internal fluid and membrane viscosities. We present a multiscale RBC  model that is able to predict RBC mechanics, rheology, and dynamics in agreement with experiments. The dynamics of RBC’s in shear and Poiseuille flows is tested against experiments.

Email: guang.lin@pnl.gov

 

Originally published at acms.nd.edu.