Implementing a Plastic Bag Fee for South Bend

Breck Ashdown

Why look into a plastic bag fee?

Plastic bags affect the environment in a broad sense but also locally. Implementing this fee would reduce plastic bag usage, and increase revenue to benefit the South Bend community.

Goal: Implement a city-wide plastic bag fee with proceeds put toward the South Bend School Corporation.

Understanding the Effects of Plastic Bags on the Environment and Community:

Interviews

  • Council-member Dr. Fred Ferlic, a council member for the city of South Bend as well as a physician with South Bend Orthopedics.
  • Clare Mundy, a member of Mayor Buttigieg’s staff
  • Jerry Rodgers, Martin’s Grocery Store Manager
  • Charles Allen, Chief of Staff for Council Member Tommy Wells
  • Catherine Flatley, Notre Dame student starting her own grocery store
  • Dean Colin Meissner

Films

  • Bag It!
  • The Majestic Bag: A Mockumentary

 

Results:

Problems from the Plastic Bag 

Plastic bags are harming both land and especially marine ecosystems. About 100,000 sea turtles die every year due to plastic pollution as well as over 1 million birds. The plastic bags polluting the Pacific Ocean specifically are causing widespread issues covering areas as large as 5,800,000 square miles, an area about three times the size of Texas.

The nature of plastic bags is to photodegrade, not biodegrade, meaning they break into smaller pieces but never decompose. Even after 20 years the smaller polymers that used to make up the bag remain harmful to the environment. Once broken down into polymers and petro-polymers, they are ingested by marine life.

 

How are other areas working to solve these problems?

Numerous U.S. cities have either placed a fee on plastic bags but some have even gone as far as banning them.Multiple foreign countries have also taken these actions.

South Bend School Corporation student test scores
South Bend School Corporation Student
Test Scores

How would South Bend benefit from implementing a plastic bag fee?

The South Bend School Corporation would greatly benefit from being able to use the proceeds of the plastic bag fee. There are areas within the corporation that lack the necessary funding. The extra funds would improve these areas as well as encourage higher test scores in areas that students in the school district generally score below state averages.

 

Conclusion:

Implementing a plastic bag fee is feasible and attainable. There is success across the country as well as internationally with these types of fees. The fee would raise awareness of the plastic pollution issues, raise funds for South Bend, and is a step toward a cleaner environment.

 

Works Cited:

"Advocacy For Animals." Advocacy For Animals Plastic Bags and Animals Comments. Encyclopedia Britannica, May 2008.

Baker, Joel. "Plastic Marine Debris: What We Know." Marine Debris Program. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. 21 Sept. 2012.

Heinemann, B. and the Open University (1998) Ocean circulation, Oxford University Press: Page 98

Marks, Kathy (5 February 2008). "The world's rubbish dump". The Independent (London).

"List of Plastic Bag Laws." Campaign for Recycling. N.p., 2013. Web. 18 Feb. 2013.

"Plastic Bag Ban Map." Plastic Bag Ban Map.. 19 Feb. 2013.