News » Archives » 2012

Over one thousand celebrate the Transit of Venus at Notre Dame

Author: Stephanie Healey

transit_of_venus_crowd

On Tuesday, June 5, members of the Notre Dame and South Bend communities came to the Jordan Hall of Science to witness the Transit of Venus, a rare astronomical event in which the Earth, Venus and the Sun align. Over one thousand visitors gathered to watch Venus transit the sun for the last time this century.

Read More

Dovichi receives Royal Society of Chemistry Prize for Analytical Science

Author: Rachel Fellman and Marissa Gebhard

Norman Dovichi

The Royal Society of Chemistry has announced that Norman Dovichi, the Grace-Rupley Professor of Chemistry at the University of Notre Dame, will be awarded the 2012 Robert Boyle Prize for Analytical Science.

The biennial prize is given to the candidate whose work is of the broadest relevance to the chemical science community as a whole and whose career is defined by exceptional work, excellence and dedication. It includes a £5,000 cash award, a medal and a lecture tour of the U.K. The prize will be formally presented Nov. 9 in Birmingham, England.

Read More

Notre Dame hosts ACA Summer Course in Chemical Crystallography

Author: Stephanie Healey

aca_crystallography_summer_couse_s3_packing_2_small

The University of Notre Dame will host the American Crystallographic Association Summer Course in Chemical Crystallography from June 18 – 27.  Students enrolled in the course include graduate students, faculty, and industry professionals who have a background in biochemistry, chemistry or physics.  Attendees are coming from all over the world including the India, Thailand, Brazil, Sweden, and the United States.

Read More

New research leads to sensors that detect contaminants in water

Author: Marissa Gebhard

Electron hopping (Kamat laboratory)

Many organic contaminants in the air and in drinking water need to be detected at very low-level concentrations. Research published by the laboratory of Prashant V. Kamat, the John A. Zahm Professor of Science at the University of Notre Dame, could be beneficial in detecting those contaminants.

The Kamat laboratory uses Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy to make use of silver nanoparticles to increase the sensitivity limit of chemical detection. Researchers in this study have prepared a semiconductor-graphene-metal film that has distinct advantages: The absorption of organic molecules on the film’s graphene surface increases the local contaminant concentration adjacent to silver nanoparticles.

Read More

The science behind the Transit of Venus

Author: William G. Gilroy

Peter Garnavich

University of Notre Dame professor of physics Peter Garnavich has research interests that cover a wide range of topics in observational astrophysics. In preparation for the Tuesday (June 5) Transit of Venus, he offers an explanation of the science behind this rare event.

“The transit of Venus across the face of the sun is one of the rarest events in the solar system. Venus has passed directly between the Earth and sun only 52 times between 2000 BC and 2000 AD; that’s 4,000 years! There have only been seven Venus transits since the invention of the telescope in the early 1600s. The transit on June 5 will be No. 8. The next chance to see a Venus transit is in 105.5 years."

Read More

Fulbright Award supports LoSecco’s Double Chooz work in France

Author: Shelly Goethals

LoSecco John LoSecco, professor of physics, will spend six months in France as a Fulbright Foreign Scholar starting this fall. The award will enable him to be on-site at a critical stage of the international Double Chooz experiment that has been under way for years. The project will be installing its second neutrino detector north of Paris in August.

Read More

Notre Dame to celebrate Transit of Venus with series of events

Author: William G. Gilroy

Transit of Venus

On Tuesday (June 5), the Earth, Venus and the Sun will align for the last time in the lifetime of any human on the planet. This rare event called the Transit of Venus, when the planet Venus passes directly in front of the Sun, won’t be seen on Earth again until 2117.

The Transit of Venus is a rare astronomical event because Venus and Earth orbit the Sun on planes that align only twice in an eight-year period, and then the orbits do not realign for either 121.5 or 105.5 years.

When Venus transits the sun, what we see from Earth is a small black dot that passes along a path from left to right.

The University of Notre Dame is hosting a series of events to mark the Transit.

Read More

Center for Math hosts undergraduate topology and field theory seminar

Author: Gene Stowe

center_for_math_undergrad_seminar

Twenty-eight undergraduate mathematics students from different universities, including nine students from Notre Dame, gathered on campus May 21-26 to study knot theory, hearing lectures and working in open-ended problem sessions that can continue when the event ends. The session was part of the Center for Mathematics’ Thematic Program on Topology and Field Theories program that includes a week for graduate and postdoctoral students and another for a conference.

Read More

Jeffery Diller earns 2012 Schilts/Leonard Teaching Award

Author: Stephanie Healey

diller_schilts_leonard_award

Dean Greg Crawford presented the 2012 Father James. L  Schilts, C.S.C./ Doris and Eugene Leonard Teaching Award to Jeffrey Diller, professor of mathematics, at the annual Dean’s Awards Luncheon.  Over 180 students, family members, faculty, and staff were in attendance at the annual event on May 18, 2012 in the Jordan Hall of Science Galleria.

Read More

Biology Graduate Student Paul Kroeger Receives Oral Presentation Prize from the Society for Developmental Biology

Author: Faith Hagedorn

Paul KroegerThe Society for Developmental Biology has awarded Paul Kroeger with prestigious second place honors for his invited oral presentation at the recent 50th Annual Midwest Developmental Biology Meeting, held May 10-12, 2012 at the Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH. Paul is a 5th year Ph.D. candidate in the laboratory of Dr. Robert A. Schulz.

Read More

What baboons can teach us about social status

Author: William G. Gilroy

Wounded baboon

Turns out it’s not bad being top dog, or in this case, top baboon.

A new study by University of Notre Dame biologist Beth Archie and colleagues from Princeton and Duke Universities finds that high-ranking male baboons recover more quickly from injuries and are less likely to become ill than other males.

Archie, Jeanne Altmann of Princeton and Susan Alberts of Duke examined health records from the Amboseli Baboon Research Project in Kenya. They found that high rank is associated with faster wound healing. The finding is somewhat surprising, given that top-ranked males also experience high stress, which should suppress immune responses. They also found that social status is a better predictor of wound healing than age.

Read More

Navari presents Olanzapine study results at American Society of Clinical Oncology

Author: Gail Hinchion Mancini

Rudolph M

Cancer patients who suffer chemotherapy–induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) are experiencing effective relief as a result of new research indicating the usefulness of the anti-psychotic olanzapine to control these potentially debilitating side effects.

"This is the first time that breakthrough CINV has been studied in a systematic way," said Dr. Rudolph M. Navari, lead author of the study and professor of medicine, associate dean of IUSM-SB and clinical director of the Harper Cancer Research Institute. "This study suggests that olanzapine will be very useful in these patients who feel very sick and sometimes come to the clinic, hospital or emergency room. As a result, patients will feel better."

Navari is presenting his findings next month at the annual conferences of the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) and the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer 2012 Annual International Symposium.

Read More

Notre Dame and Cleveland Clinic form health care innovation alliance

Author: Julie Hail Flory

Notre Dame and Cleveland Clinic

The University of Notre Dame has entered into a collaborative relationship with the Cleveland Clinic for joint development and commercialization of medical innovations.

Notre Dame will be the first university within the Cleveland Clinic Healthcare Innovation Alliance network, which includes the largest nonprofit health care system in the mid-Atlantic, MedStar Health and its MedStar Institute for Innovation; and the nation’s second-largest nonprofit, secular health care system, North Shore Long Island Jewish and its Feinstein Institute for Medical Research.

Read More

Science dean biking 3,250 miles to bring attention to rare disease research

Author: Marissa Gebhard

Road to Discovery

Greg Crawford, dean of the College of Science at the University of Notre Dame, will be cycling 3,250 miles from Boston to Pebble Beach, Calif., to raise awareness and funds for research to find a cure for Niemann-Pick Type C (NPC) disease. His third cross-country ride will start May 21 (Monday) and conclude June 22 (Friday), in time for the Parseghian Classic, a golf fundraiser at Pebble Beach Resorts.

The “Road to Discovery” bicycle ride demonstrates Notre Dame’s commitment to research to find a cure or treatments for the devastating disease that took the lives of three grandchildren of former Notre Dame head football coach Ara Parseghian.

Read More

Scientific Entrepreneurship students pitch their business plans

Author: Gene Stowe

science_entrepreneurship

Members of Dean Greg Crawford’s Scientific Entrepreneurship course gave semester-culminating formal pitches for businesses developed from research discovery.  Judges included academics and entrepreneurs with experience in presenting business plans to potential investors.

The two-hour course, which includes undergraduates in a range of majors including chemical engineering, environmental science, biological sciences, science-business, physics and mathematics, introduces students to the process of commercializing ideas and products from the laboratory.

Read More

2012 College of Science Joint Annual Meeting showcases undergraduate research to over 400 attendees

Author: Stephanie Healey

cos_jam_1

The College of Science Joint Annual Meeting (COS-JAM) attracted over 400 hundred student attendees to the Jordan Hall of Science on Friday, May 4.  Undergraduate students presented their original research in the areas of Applied and Computational Mathematics and Statistics, Physics, Chemistry and Biochemistry, and Biological Sciences.  Twenty five students gave oral presentations and 102 students showcased their research through poster presentations. In addition, five guest presenters from the Northern Indiana Regional Science and Engineering Fair for elementary and high school students exhibited their research in the Galleria. The attendance at this year’s event was the largest in the six year history of COS-JAM.

Read More

Undergraduate researchers contribute to new discovery in superconductor metastability

Author: Gene Stowe

tommy_o_brien

Researchers in the laboratory of Professor Morten Ring Eskildsen have recently published the first findings on metastability in the superconductor magnesium diboride (MgB2). The paper, “Observation of Well-Ordered Metastable Vortex Lattice Phases in Superconducting MgB2 Using Small-Angle Neutron Scattering,” appeared in the April 20 issue of Physical Review Letters. Two of its authors, Tommy O'Brien '10 and Kim Schlesinger '11, were undergraduate researchers who had received support from the Glynn Family Honors Program and the summer REU program at Notre Dame.

Read More

Notre Dame student discovers rare star

Author: Marissa Gebhard

Infrared image of the field surrounding WR 142b

Many students work the night shift to get through law school, but Colin Littlefield’s late-night job at the Notre Dame Observatory has led to a one-in-a-billion discovery of a rare type of star, a Wolf-Rayet. Littlefield discovered the exceptional star, named WR 142b, this past summer, and he and his colleagues announced the discovery in a paper accepted for publication in The Astronomical Journal.

Co-authors of the paper include Peter Garnavich, Terry Rettig and Colin McClelland of the University of Notre Dame Department of Physics; Howie Marion of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Jozsef Vinko of the University of Szeged in Hungary; and J. Craig Wheeler of the University of Texas at Austin.

Read More

Several students receive National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship Program Fellowships

Author: Stephanie Healey

karen_antonio_nsf_grf_2012

Four University of Notre Dame students have received National Science Foundation (NSF) Graduate Research Program (GRFP) Fellowships. The NSF GRFP was created to enhance the scientific and engineering workforce in the United States.  Past NSF Fellows include individuals who have made significant breakthroughs in science and engineering research, as well as some who have been honored as Nobel laureates.

Read More

Angelotti Undergraduate Research Fund launches

Author: Marissa Gebhard

Revathi Kollipara chemistry major class of 2013 - first recipient of Angelotti Undergraduate Research Award

The Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry launched the Nicholas C. Angelotti Undergraduate Research Fund in Analytical Chemistry with a lecture by Tim Angelotti, a researcher and associate professor at the Stanford School of Medicine, followed by a few words from David Angelotti who spoke about his father. The Angelotti family established the Nicholas Angelotti Undergraduate Research Endowment for Excellence in 2005. Earnings for the endowment will support summer studentships, beginning this summer in Professor Marya Lieberman’s laboratory.

Read More

In Memoriam: Rev. Joseph L. Walter, C.S.C., professor emeritus of chemistry

Author: Michael O. Garvey

Rev. Joseph L. Walter, C.S.C.

Rev. Joseph L. Walter, C.S.C., professor emeritus of chemistry and biochemistry at the University of Notre Dame, died Wednesday (April 18) at Loyola University’s Stritch School of Medicine, in Maywood, Ill. He was 82 years old.

A native of Braddock, Pa., Father Walter attended St. Joseph’s grade school and St. Thomas High School there before enrolling in Duquesne University in Pittsburgh, from which he was graduated in 1951.

Following his graduation, he did graduate studies in chemistry at the University of Pittsburgh, working for two years there in the laboratory of Dr. Jonas Salk, the developer of the eponymous polio vaccine, and receiving a doctoral degree in 1955. Within ten days of receiving his degree, Father Walter came to Notre Dame to begin studies for the priesthood.

Read More

Eck Institute for Global Health joins AMPATH Consortium

Author: Sarah Craig

Academic Model Providing Access to Healthcare

The University of Notre Dame’s Eck Institute for Global Health is now a full member of the Academic Model Providing Access to Healthcare (AMPATH) Consortium, led by Indiana University.

The Consortium works in collaboration with Moi University School of Medicine and Moi Teaching and Referral Hospital in Eldoret, Kenya to help build the care, education and research capacity of these institutions with the goal of providing access to health care for all persons throughout western Kenya. The Eck Institute will serve as the central coordinating body for Notre Dame activities within the AMPATH Consortium.

Read More

Study finds mild winters are detrimental to butterflies

Author: William G. Gilroy

Butterfly

The recent mild winter throughout much of the United States was a cause for celebration for many. However, butterfly aficionados shouldn’t be joining in the celebration.

A new study by Jessica Hellmann, associate professor of biological sciences at the University of Notre Dame, and researchers from Western University found that mild winters, such as the one many of us just experienced, can be taxing for some butterfly or possibly other species.

Hellmann and her fellow researchers studied caterpillars of the Propertius Duskywing butterfly, which feed on Gary Oak trees. This species of caterpillar, like many insects, has a higher metabolic rate and burns more fat during mild winters.

Read More

Chad Meyer wins CRC Award for Computational Sciences and Visualization

Author: Stephanie Healey

Chad Meyer - CRC Award recipient 2012

Chad Meyer, a graduate student in the Department of Physics, has received   the 2012 Center for Research Computing Award for Computational Sciences and Visualization.

This award recognizes outstanding contributions in the areas of computational sciences and visualization. Such contributions may include, but are not limited to: 1) applications of high performance computation and/or visualization technology; 2) development of algorithms, codes, software environments or other tools for better using high performance computing and/or visualization.

Read More

Harper Cancer Research Institute plans public Research Day

Author: Gail Hinchion Mancini

Harper Cancer Research Institute

Harper Cancer Research Institute (HCRI) Research Day on April 23 (Monday) will gather cancer researchers from the University of Notre Dame and Indiana University School of Medicine-South Bend (IUSM-SB) in an afternoon of exchange and discussion. A keynote address by Beatrice Knudsen, M.D., Ph.D., will discuss “Tissue Banking for Genomic Research and Personalized Medicine.”

Knudsen is the medical director for Cedars-Sinai Advanced Biobank, director of translational pathology at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center and a member of the HCRI external advisory committee. Her presentation is free and open to the public.

Read More

Patrick O’Hayer wins Goldwater Scholarship

Author: Stephanie Healey

Patrick O'Hayer

University of Notre Dame junior Patrick O’Hayer has been named a 2012 Barry M. Goldwater Scholar.  He was selected from thousands of applicants to receive the prestigious Goldwater Scholarship for the 2012-2013 academic year.

O’Hayer is a member of the Glynn Family Honors Program and is majoring in biology, with a minor in philosophy.  He plans to pursue an M.D./Ph.D. dual degree program and wants to conduct translational medical research, likely in the field of molecular genetics.

Read More