News » Archives » 2012

Researchers using novel method to combat malaria drug resistance

Author: William G. Gilroy

mosquito_rel

Researchers from the University of Notre Dame’s Eck Institute for Global Health have developed a “gene chip” to contribute to the identification of malaria drug resistance, an effort that will allow for real-time response in modified treatment strategies for this devastating disease.

The discovery is described in a paper appearing in the latest early online edition of the journal Science. The team of researchers includes Notre Dame’s Michael Ferdig, associate professor of biological sciences; doctoral student Becky Miller; and John Tan, managing director of the Genomics Core Facility, in collaboration with Tim Anderson of Texas Biomedical Research Institute and Francois Nosten, M.D., of the Shoklo Malaria Research Unit in Thailand.

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Paul Bohn named Fellow for the Society for Applied Spectroscopy

Author: Stephanie Healey

Paul Bohn

Paul Bohn, Arthur J. Schmitt Professor of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering and concurrent professor of chemistry and biochemistry, has been designated a Fellow of the Society by the Society for Applied Spectroscopy (SAS).  Bohn will be formally recognized as a Fellow at the 2012 SAS annual meeting this Fall.

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New finding affects understanding of formation of the solar system

Author: Marissa Gebhard

Mini planetary system

A global collaboration including five University of Notre Dame researchers has revised the half-life of samarium-146 (146Sm), reducing it to 68 million years from 103 million years. The finding is published in the journal Science.

The revised half-life, which is 34 percent shorter than the previously adopted value, affects the understanding of processes leading to the formation of the solar system, and dating of some major geological events in the mantles of Earth and other terrestrial planets in the early solar system.

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NSF-funded nuclear accelerator goes live

Author: Marissa Gebhard

Nuclear Accelerator

The first new accelerator for low-energy nuclear physics in the United States since the 1980s was recently installed at Notre Dame. The $3.5 million project includes a 10–ton tank installed vertically in the center of Nieuwland Science Hall and will provide beams to the newly–designed St. George Recoil Separator at Notre Dame.

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Research shows invasive species cost the Great Lakes millions

Author: William G. Gilroy

David Lodge

A new paper by researchers from the University of Notre Dame, the University of Wyoming and the Technical University of Delft in the Netherlands assigns a dollar figure on the cost to the Great Lakes from invasive species that originate in the ballast water of ocean-going vessels.

David M. Lodge and John D. Rothlisberger of Notre Dame, David C. Finnoff of Wyoming, and Roger M. Cooke of Delft determined that the median estimate of damages is $138 million annually but could be more than $800 million annually.

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Senior biochemistry major publishes findings which could improve fuel cell efficiency

Author: Marissa Gebhard

jason_kopec

Jason Kopec, a senior biochemistry major, has published a paper in the journal Inorganic Chemistry detailing research conducted in the laboratory of Seth Brown, associate professor of chemistry and biochemistry. Kopec is first author on the paper, Molybdenum(VI) Complexes of a 2,2'-Biphenyl-bridged Bis(amidophenoxide): Competition Between Metal-Ligand and Metal-Amidophenoxide π Bonding; the other authors are Sukesh Shekar and Brown.

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The first few hundred million years of the Solar System

Author: Yoav Kashiv, University of Notre Dame and Michael Paul, Hebrew University of Jerusalem

solar_system_fig1_03_29_2012_

Establishing chronologies of past events or determining ages of objects require having clocks that tick at different paces, according to how far back one looks. Nuclear clocks, used for this dating, are based on the rate of decay of an atomic nucleus expressed by a half-life, the time it takes for half of a number of nuclei to decay which is a property of each nuclear species.

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Event to focus on cancer research

Author: Gail Hinchion Mancini

beatrice_knudsen

Harper Cancer Research Institute (HCRI) Research Day Monday, April 23 will gather cancer researchers from the University of Notre Dame and Indiana University School of Medicine-South Bend (IUSM-SB) in an afternoon of exchange and discussion. A keynote address by Beatrice Knudsen, M.D., Ph.D., will discuss “Tissue Banking for Genomic Research and Personalized Medicine.”

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What's the big idea? Ten speakers to participate in ND Thinks Big

Author:

ND Thinks Big

ND Thinks Big, a student-organized event modeled after TED talks and Harvard Thinks Big, will take place at 7 p.m. March 22 (Thursday) in the Jordan Auditorium of the University of Notre Dame’s Mendoza College of Business.

Sponsored by student forum The Hub and the Center for Undergraduate Scholarly Engagement, the event features 10 speakers from the Notre Dame faculty and administration, who will each deliver a 10-minute talk about their research and current work within their respective fields.

The speakers, nine professors and one administrator, were chosen by the students specifically for their work.

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Land Institute president to deliver sustainability lecture at Notre Dame

Author: William G. Gilroy

Wes Jackson

Wes Jackson, president of the Land Institute, will be the inaugural Lecturer in Sustainability at 7 p.m. on March 28 (Wednesday) in Room 101 of the Jordan Hall of Science at the University of Notre Dame.

His lecture, titled “Why Agriculture Must Take the Lead Toward a Sustainable Future,” is free and open to the public.

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New paper examines poison resistance in snakes around the world

Author: William G. Gilroy

T. Sirtalis

A new study by University of Notre Dame biologist Michael Pfrender and a team of researchers from the University of Nevada, Reno; Utah State University; and the University of Virginia suggests that snakes from different regions of the world have evolved a similar, remarkable resistance to a deadly neurotoxin.

The finding, which appeared in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, greatly increases scientists’ understanding of the genetic basis of adaptation and is a model for understanding the limits to adaptation and the degree to which evolutionary responses are predictable.

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Solar storm's effects measured

Author: Shelly Goethals

John Poirier

An array of detectors at the University of Notre Dame recorded the expected cosmic reaction to the solar storm earlier this week, an event that actually deflects certain outer-space particles from reaching the Earth. John Poirier, a professor emeritus of astrophysics and elementary particle physics, said measurements after the relatively weak solar storm showed a dip in the number of muons, which are produced when protons hit the upper atmosphere.

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Golfers support NPC research through Parseghian Classic at Pebble Beach Resorts

Author: Marissa Gebhard

Pebble Beach Golf Links

Golfers are teaming with the Ara Parseghian Medical Research Foundation and the University of Notre Dame to find a treatment or cure for Niemann-Pick Type C (NPC) disease, a rare and fatal neurodegenerative disease that primarily strikes children before and during adolescence. Proceeds raised from the Parseghian Classic golf fundraiser at Pebble Beach Resorts on June 22-24 will fund NPC research at Notre Dame and other institutions.

“Notre Dame researchers are at the forefront of NPC research and their advances in the understanding of this disease give hope to all NPC children and their families,” says Cindy Parseghian, who co-founded the Ara Parseghian Medical Research Foundation just two months after three of her four children were diagnosed with NPC.

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Trozzolo receives 2012 University of Chicago Professional Achievement Award

Author: Marissa Gebhard

tony_trozzolo

Anthony M. Trozzolo, the Charles L. Huisking Professor Emeritus of Chemistry, has received a 2012 University of Chicago Professional Achievement Award from the Alumni Board of Governors. Trozzolo earned a master's degree in chemistry in 1957 and a Ph.D. in chemistry in 1960, both from the University of Chicago. He worked at Bell Laboratories before he came to Notre Dame in 1975. Trozzolo, a pioneer in photochemistry, has delivered more than 300 invited lectures, published more than 90 articles and received 31 U. S. and foreign patents. He was elected a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the American Institute of Chemists in 1963, and he organized and chaired the first Gordon Research Conference on Organic Photochemistry in 1964.

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Bengal Bouts participants aid in concussion research

Author: William G. Gilroy

82nd Annual Bengal Bouts

The University of Notre Dame’s annual Bengal Bouts student boxing tournament’s longtime mantra is “Strong bodies fight, that weak bodies may be nourished.”

The unusual mantra is fitting for an unusual competition whose ticket sale proceeds benefit Holy Cross Missions in Bangladesh, part of the ministry of the Congregation of Holy Cross, Notre Dame’s founding religious community.

However, this year a large number of Bengal Bouts boxers are going even further to do good by volunteering to participate in post-bout concussion testing.

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Eskildsen research group reports results of their latest small-angle neutron scattering studies

Author: Shelly Goethals

Eskildsen

In a recent paper published in Physical Review Letters, Notre Dame graduate student Pinaki Das and Associate Professor Morten Ring Eskildsen report results of their latest small-angle neutron scattering studies of the vortex lattice studies in the heavy fermion superconductor CeCoIn5. In particular they investigated the detailed interplay between superconductivity and magnetism in this material, which show very strong Pauli paramagnetic effects on the vortex cores.

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Sapirstein named Outstanding Referee by APS

Author: Shelly Goethals

Sapirstein180

Professor Jonathan Sapirstein has been named as an Outstanding Referee by the American Physical Society for 2012. The American Physical Society initiated the highly selective award program in 2008 to recognize scientists who have been exceptionally helpful in assessing manuscripts for publication in the APS journals.

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Team of scientists wins grant to research tuberculosis diagnostics

Author: Sarah Craig

Jeff Schorey

University of Notre Dame Professor Jeff Schorey, associate director of the Eck Institute for Global Health and a member of the Center for Rare and Neglected Diseases, is part of a team of researchers who received one of 10 new Grand Challenges in Global Health (GCGH) Grants from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation to identify biomarkers for the diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB).

TB is one of the world’s deadliest infectious diseases with an estimated 9 million individuals diagnosed and 1.6 million deaths every year. This makes TB the second leading cause of death by an infectious agent, behind only HIV.

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Dorm energy competition: May the best quad win

Author: Rachel Novick

Quad Energy Competition

At this time of year, you might expect Notre Dame students to be focusing on midterms or planning for spring break. But instead, students across campus are getting ready for a new kind of dorm energy competition.

New state-of-the-art meters and a new online dashboard will now enable students to see how much energy their dorm is using and how they rank in the competition at any time. The dashboard engages students not just by providing regularly updated data, but also by giving students a social media-based forum to commit to energy-saving behaviors and share winning strategies.

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David Lodge attends White House Great Lakes event

Author: William G. Gilroy

David Lodge

David Lodge, The Ludmilla F. and Stephen J. Galla Professor of Biological Sciences at the University of Notre Dame and a world-renowned expert on invasive species, was invited to attend a White House Community Leaders Briefing on the Great Lakes Region that took place today (Feb. 29) in the Eisenhower Executive Office Building.

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New faculty bring focus to breast cancer

Author: Gail Hinchion Mancini

harpercancerlogo

Three new faculty will advance breast cancer research at the Harper Cancer Research Institute (HCRI) as they join Indiana University School of Medicine-South Bend (IUSM-SB) and University of Notre Dame in summer 2012.

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Notre Dame researchers provide fascinating insights into elephant behavior, conservation issues

Author: William G. Gilroy

Elephants

Last year, Kenya lost 278 elephants to poachers, as compared to 177 in 2010. On the continent of Africa as whole, elephants have declined from an estimated 700,000 in 1990 to 360,000 today due to the demands of the ivory trade.

Spend some time with University of Notre Dame researchers Elizabeth Archie and Patrick Chiyo and you’ll gain a better understanding of just what a tragic loss elephant poaching is.

A thinking, reasoning species with extraordinary memories, a strong sense of family and caring and nurturing natures are increasing at the risk of extinction.

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Dobrowolska leads team of physicists that finds new path to increasing semiconductor functionality

Author: Marissa Gebhard

Malgorzata Dobrowolska-Furdyna

The past decade has seen the emergence of the field of spintronics, aimed at increasing the efficiency of information processing and computer memories. The idea behind spintronics is to harness the magnetic property of the electron, referred to as its spin. This property can then be used, in addition to the electron charge, for increasing the functionality of the semiconductor computer chip, in terms of its capacity to store and process information.

Margaret Dobrowolska, professor of physics at the University of Notre Dame, has led a team of collaborators from Notre Dame, the University of British Columbia and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in an effort that has succeeded in identifying the mechanisms responsible for ferromagnetism in (Ga,Mn)As, an alloy.

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Perspective: ND Lights

Author: Sara Brown

michelle2530_web4

Shelly Fuhrman ’12 shares her experience working with ND LIGHTS, a Notre Dame program that takes working equipment and instrumentation from retired or upgraded campus laboratories and donates them to underfunded schools in the U.S. and abroad.

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College of Science hosts Pink Zone luncheon

Author: Marissa Gebhard

crawford_petro_jersey

Pioneer Notre Dame women’s basketball coach Sharon Drake Petro recalled the vital support of the Notre Dame community after her cancer diagnosis nearly 30 years ago. She saluted the cooperation of the basketball team, science researchers and local physicians at the “Docs in Pink” luncheon on Feb. 12, including some who participated in her care. “I love the collaboration between the College of Science and the women’s basketball program,” Petro said. “It’s significant for both groups to come together as both groups are striving for excellence in their respective fields. Both are better able to achieve their goals with your support – each and every one of you today cheering on both teams.”

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Physicist Brian Greene to address 'The Fabric of the Cosmos'

Author: William G. Gilroy

Brian Greene

Brian Greene, the best-selling author of “The Elegant Universe” and “The Fabric of the Cosmos” and host of two NOVA series based on his books, will present a public lecture March 6 (Tuesday) in the Decio Mainstage Theatre of the University of Notre Dame’s DeBartolo Performing Arts Center.

The lecture is free, but ticketed. Tickets can be reserved beginning Feb. 21 (Tuesday) at the DeBartolo Center ticket window or by calling 574-631-2800.

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Collaborative forum will explore K-12 education and research

Author: Marissa Gebhard

BioEYES

The Notre Dame extended Research Community (NDeRC) will gather education and research professionals for the fifth annual Collaborating for Education and Research Forum from 8:30 a.m. to 2 p.m. Saturday (Feb. 25) in the Jordan Hall of Science at the University of Notre Dame.

The event fosters interaction among K-12 teachers and administrators; university faculty, graduate students and staff; and local industry specialists in science, technology, engineering and mathematics. The forum showcases a broad spectrum of professional engagement opportunities for K-12 educators, including summer- or week-long opportunities in nanotechnology, genetics, embryonic development, environmental studies, astronomy, subatomic physics, engineering, mathematics and science. All of the programs are free to educators, while some programs also provide stipends.

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Green Summit to highlight sustainable transportation

Author: Sara Brown

Green Summit V: The Future of Transportation

Electric cars, bicycles, alternative fuel vehicles and innovations in public transportation will take over the University of Notre Dame’s Stepan Center in an exciting trade show display on Feb. 29 (Wednesday) for “Green Summit V: The Future of Transportation.”

“Sustainable transportation is a rapidly developing field, and we wanted to create a setting in which the ND community could connect directly with those who are redefining what’s possible,” explained Rachel Novick of the Office of Sustainability. “Experts will be on hand at the summit to answer questions about battery technology, charging stations, electric bikes and much more.”

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Nobel Prize winner in physics to speak at Notre Dame

Author: Marissa Gebhard

Brian Schmidt

Brian Schmidt, a winner of the 2011 Nobel Prize in Physics, will deliver a public lecture at 7 p.m. Feb. 27 (Monday) in Room 101 of the Jordan Hall of Science at the University of Notre Dame. The talk, titled “The Accelerating Universe,” is part of the John A. Lynch Lecture Series coordinated by the Department of Physics and is free and open to the public.

Schmidt was awarded the Nobel Prize jointly with Adam Riess and Saul Perlmutter for their research in the 1990s that revealed the expansion of the universe is accelerating. An accelerating expansion implies that most of the universe is made of a mysterious dark energy.

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