The Need for Experiential Environmental Education and the Creation of an Education Outreach Program for ND-LEEF
This project reviews possibilities for sustainability outreach to unite the University of Notre Dame with the South Bend community through the new facility ND-LEEF in terms of potential opportunities for ND-LEEF and suggestions for the best course of action for new potential outreach programs.
Reservoir System for ND-LEEF
Education: The Root of Sustainability
In our modern world the rate at which over-consumption, consumerism, exponential human population growth, and technological advancements have been depleting the Earth’s resources is not only but alarming, but also tragic. Scientific evidence has proven the devastating effects on the environment because of these issues, so why aren’t we doing more to stop it?
We need to educate more people about these issues. Education is the root of sustainability, without the proper foundation, the sustainability initiatives fade away before the ideas are implemented. Education is the first step toward positive cultural change. Environmental education is a good place to start in order to foster sustainability. Promoting environmental education is important throughout an individual’s education:
- Primary education is a good place to start with environmental education because younger children have a tendency to be open to learning new ideas. Children partake in “free choice” learning where they learn because they desire to, not because they are forced to follow a curriculum.
- Secondary school students are more effective at bringing about local change and improvements. If they are educated about the environment they can actively work to improve the community.
- If a university incorporates being “green” into its classes and culture, students can work together at a higher level to think of solutions for environmental issues.
- Adult learners are often free choice learners and therefore very motivated to actively participate and make a difference about the environmental issues they are passionate about.
Grand Valley State University Stormwater
Runoff Wetlands Project
Ways to make Environmental Education Effective
- Have teachers be guides rather than authority figures encouraging an exploratory atmosphere.
- Discover a program’s curriculum through nature and human experience opening the door to asking questions and a better understanding of the world in which we live.
- Incorporate ecology and sustainability into different disciplines aiming toward a shift away from materialism
- A strong community with "green" culture will reinforce the concepts learned in the classroom. Environmental education will be lost without this strong community framework consisting of governmental support, awareness, and members of society that care about their community.
Environmental Education Programs
- Grand Valley Wetlands Project
- University of California Sierra Nevada Aquatic Research
- St. Anthony Outdoor Lab at the University of Minnesota
- University of Mississippi biological station
- Savannah River Ecology Lab
- Murray State’s Hancock Lab
Stream System at ND-LEEF (Still
The University of Notre Dame Linked Experimental Ecosystem Facility, an ecosystem study facility located at St. Patrick’s County Park in South Bend, Indiana, consists of constructed “watersheds” that are monitored and used to collect data as well as help to improve the water in the area. Its park location also ties Notre Dame to the community.
Continuous Weather Monitoring
Device at ND-LEEF
The program can expand to fill in the gaps in environmental education in high school and adult education. Professors or college students can lead summer camps or ecology weekends for high school students as well as adults to become more aware of the research being done. A good way to work closely with the community is to involve it into the research by teaming up with the Indiana Master Naturalist program. Overall, this program, working alongside St. Patrick’s County Park a plan of action can be developed to encourage work in sustainability.
Blewitt, John, and Cedric Cullingford. The Sustainability Curriculum: The Challenge for Higher Education. London: Earthscan, 2004. Print.
Clover, Darlene E., Shirley Follen, and Budd L. Hall. The Nature of Transformation: Environmental Adult Education. Toronto, Ont., Canada: Dept. of Adult Education, Community Development, and Counseling Psychology, Ontario Institute for Studies in Education/University of Toronto, 2000. Print.
Collett, Jonathan, and Stephen Karakashian. Greening the College Curriculum: A Guide to Environmental Teaching in the Liberal Arts : A Project of the Rainforest Alliance. Washington, D.C.: Island, 1996. Print.
Curry, Patrick. Ecological Ethics. N.p.: Polity, 2011. Print.
Duerksen, Christopher J., and Cara Snyder. Nature-friendly Communities: Habitat Protection and Land Use. Washington, DC: Island, 2005. Print.
Falk, John H., Joe E. Heimlich, and Susan Foutz. Free-choice Learning and the Environment. Lanham: AltaMira, 2009. Print.
GEO Academy. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Apr. 2013. <http://www.ghsgeoacademy.com/geo-academy.html>.
"High School Graduation Rates Increasing throughout Area." South Bend Tribune. N.p., 07 Feb. 2012. Web. 4 Apr. 2013. <http://articles.southbendtribune.com/2012-02-07/news/31032618_1_graduation-rates-students-in-four-years-stephanie-sample>.
McKenzie, Marcia. Fields of Green: Restorying Culture, Environment, and Education. Cresskill, NJ: Hampton, 2009. Print.
"ND-LEEF." Environmental Change Initiative University of Notre Dame. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Mar. 2013. <http://environmentalchange.nd.edu/programs/nd-leef/>.
"Outdoor Education Rogers High School Environmental Science and Physical Education." Http://www.arkansaschaptertu.org/documents/Rogers_oudoors/Outdoor%20Education%20Program%20PDF.pdf. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Apr. 2013.
"Outdoor, Experiential, and Environmental Education: Converging or Diverging Approaches? ERIC Digest." Outdoor, Experiential, and Environmental Education: Converging or Diverging Approaches? ERIC Digest. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Apr. 2013. <http://www.ericdigests.org/2003-2/outdoor.html>.
Palmer, Joy, and Philip Neal. The Handbook of Environmental Education. London: Routledge, 1994. Print.
Saylan, Charles, and Daniel T. Blumstein. The Failure of Environmental Education (and How We Can Fix It). Berkeley: University of California, 2011. Print.